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(Solved) Task 1:

I need help responding to another students post.

Task 1: 

In Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz's "The Poet's Answer to the Most Illustrious Sor Filotea de la Cruz," there are many passages that stood out for me. It was not easy to choose just one. The passage I chose states, “I confess that I am far indeed from the terms of Knowledge and that I have wished to follow it, though “afar off.” But all this has merely led me closer to the flames of persecution, the crucible of affliction; and to such extremes that some have even sought to prohibit me from study.” (322).  As the passage continues she describes how she was forbidden to study and does not read for three months. However, she states, “I studied all things that God created…” (322).  It is obvious that Sor Juana is well educated and she has a thirst for knowledge. Even when she is forbidden to study, she studies her surroundings and God’s creation. Being that she was a woman and a nun, she was fighting against the social norms of her time. The Church did not think it proper for her to study and forbid her to do so. Women were not formally educated. A woman’s education was limited to running households.

 Task 2: 

I find it astonishing that Sor Juana Ines De La Cruz’s Poem 92 was written sometime in the 1600’s. Four hundred years later and women are still struggling with the issues addressed in Poem 92. “Not one can gain your good opinion, for she who modestly withdraws and fails to admit you is ungrateful; yet if she admits you, too easily won.” (lines 29 -32) This still holds true in today’s society. If a woman rebuffs a man she’s a prude, if not she’s whore.

The lines, “Why then are you so alarmed by the fault that is your own? Wish women to be what you make them, or make them what you wish.” (lines 57-60). These lines challenge men to look at their own behavior towards women and decide what they want. Even today there are still these conflicting messages. Hollywood and the media over sexualize women but women are also told if you behave this way you are not respected. Cruz is stating that it is not the women that are at fault but men for sending these conflicting messages.

TASK 3: 

This is not the first time I have read Swift’s ‘A Modest Proposal’, so I was not shocked by its subject. Even though I knew what to expect, the sixth proposal still grabs my attention. The sixth proposal states, “Sixthly, this would be a great inducement to marriage, which all wise nations have either encouraged by rewards, or enforced by laws and penalties.” (Swift 388).  With Swift referencing the city of Dublin, I feel that the essay is written in satire about the stereotypes of Irish Catholics having large families during that time. This is referred to in the opening lines, “It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin-doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags, and importuning every passenger for an alms.” (Swift 384). Unfortunately, the stereotype of Irish Catholics having large families is still heard today.

The first reaction to this proposal is emotional. As a civilized people we are expected to say that this is barbaric, disgusting and inhumane. If you take the emotional reaction and social norms away Swift’s proposal has reason to it. I do not think we should begin slaughtering infants for food but his plan to control population fits the reasoning of the Enlightened period.


1. "The bliss of Man (could Pride that blessing find)/Is not to act or think beyond mankind" (lines 189-190)

When I read these lines, I think of the saying, ‘Ignorance is bliss.’ To me, these lines refer to mankind being content with their place in the universe and not to let Pride get in the way. “Is not to act or think beyond mankind.” This line reminds me of the Original Sin story and the apple. It was not Adam and Eve’s place to acquire that knowledge. That knowledge was not meant for mankind.

2. "Vast chain of Being! which from God began,/Natures ethereal, human, angel, man,/Beast, bird, fish, insect...Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroyed (lines 237-244). 

These lines suggest that chain of Being God created connects everything in the universe. Not only does it connect everything but there is also a hierarchy. God is the highest in the chain followed by human, angels, etc. Line 244, “Where, one step broken, the great scale’s destroyed.”,  suggests that this vast chain is delicate and that there is order to the universe. If one part of the chain is broken, then the universe as we know it would be in chaos or destroyed.

3. One other of your choosing from "An Essay on Man."

The lines, “Presumptuous Man! The reason wouldst thou find, Why formed so weak, so little, and so blind?” (lines 35-36) stand out for me. I think these lines so a lot about mankind and still ring true. Mankind does let pride get in the way and we are blind to what’s around us. And sometimes we are also blind to what is really important.

Works Cited:

De la Cruz, Sor Juana Inés.  “From The Poet’s Answer to the Most Illustrious Sor Filotea de la Cruz.  The Norton Anthology of Western Literature, Vol. 2. 9th ed. Ed. Peter Simon. New York: Norton, 2014.  314-328. Print. 

Pope, Alexander. “An Essay on Man.” The Norton Anthology of Western Literature, Vol. 2. 9th ed. Ed. Peter Simon. New York: Norton, 2014. 413-420. Print.

Swift, Johnathan. “A Modest Proposal.” The Norton Anthology of Western Literature, Vol. 2. 9th ed. Ed. Peter Simon. New York: Norton, 384-389. Print.


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Sep 05, 2019





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