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(Solved) INTRODUCTION TO GEOLOGY (GEOL 100) FINAL EXAM STUDENT'S NAME: Jason Mainor Multiple Choice - Highlight the correct answer (2 pts. each) 1. What is


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INTRODUCTION TO GEOLOGY (GEOL 100)
FINAL EXAM
STUDENT’S NAME: Jason Mainor
Multiple Choice – Highlight the correct answer (2 pts. each)
1. What is the study of the fossils known as _________.
A) Stratigraphy B) paleontology C) petrology D) geochronology
2. Which of the following is the best statement of the principle of faunal succession?
A)
Igneous intrusions form horizontal layers.
B)
Metamorphic isograds are horizontal before deformation.
C)
Sediments are deposited as horizontal layers.
D)
Most igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks of crust form horizontal
layers;
E)
None of the above; 3. The last extinction on Earth took place __________.
A) When dinosaurs were completely wiped-out (65 MLA);
B) When sediments are deposited as essentially horizontal layers
C) During the Ordovician times (450 MLA);
D) When sedimentary layers get progressively younger from bottom to top 4. Study of layering in the rocks is the science of _____________________
A) cross-cutting relations B) Volcanism C) stratigraphy D) physical properties of
Earth 5. The age of the Earth is _________.
A) 2.56 MY B) 4.56 BY C) 13.6 BY D) 456 MY 6. The Himalayan Mountain Chain represents the plate movement called ______. 7. Geologic maps are used to depict ________.
A)
The strike and dip of the rock units at the Earth's surface
B)
The rock formations exposed on the Earth's surface
C)
The orientation of geologic structures that deform rocks exposed at the Earth's
surface;
D)
all of the above. 8. Andesite is the following type of rock _________.
A) Metamorphic rock;
C) Extrusive igneous rock
B) Sedimentary rock
D) Intrusive igneous rock; DIAGRAM for Questions 9, 10, 11
Units A, B, C, D, and E are sedimentary rocks. The thick dark line is a fault. 9. Based on DIAGRAM ABOVE: Igneous intrusion occurred after…..?
A) Between the deposition of A and B
C) After the deposition of E, D, & C;
B) After the deposition of B & A
D)
After the deposition of D and E 10. What is the relative timing between faulting and intrusion of the granite?
A) Faulting occurred after the intrusion of the granite.
B) Faulting occurred before the intrusion of the granite.
C) Faulting and intrusion of the granite occurred at the same time.
D) The relative timing between faulting and intrusion of the granite cannot be
determined from the information provided. 11. The thick dark line between layers C, D & E is known as ___________________,
And the boundary between layers B and C is known as ____________________. Essay Questions: (Answer all: 10 points each).
Describe, explain and elaborate on the following topics with examples and
diagrams wherever appropriate.
1. What is Geology? Provide a brief synopsis of at least six (6) branches of geology that you
had a chance to study in this course, giving examples and explanation of what that branch
is specialized for. 2. Explain in depth the K-T boundary in the Geologic history and why this is so important
to mammals and other inhabitants on Earth. What event caused this boundary to be
formed?
3. Explain if there is an association between the occurrences of Earthquakes in areas
dominated by volcanic activity. Why is that so and where do you see that occurring on
Earth?
4. Explain the hydrologic cycle on Earth. Provide examples and explain how each of the
components of this cycle gets affected by other members and how they can cause
problems.
5. Describe the different kinds of plate boundaries that exist on Earth. Why are they formed
and where do you find them today? Provide examples with a sketch of these.
6. Describe in brief the geology of the area where you live. You can go to the USGS website
and they will provide a way to find out the geological structures and petrology in your
neck of the woods.
7. Explain in-depth the three theories of plate movements on Earth with their pros and cons:
Seafloor spreading, Continental Drift Theory and Plate Tectonic Theory. In your opinion,
are these three theories related to each other, if so, why and how? Explain!
8. Explain, define, describe with examples the following:
Digenesis and types of metamorphic rocks; Laws of Uniformitarianism, Faunal Succession and Superposition. Origin of the Universe by the ‘Big Bang Theory/Law’; Provide a sketch and describe the properties of the internal layers of Earth; Describe the three agencies of erosion and the landforms that they create on
Earth; PROVIDE REFERENCES
(Work will not be accepted without them)

 


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