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(Solved) Table of Contents UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION Washington, DC 20549-1004 Form 10-K ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)


You will write a 2 - 3 page paper, single spaced, one inch margins, 12 pt font, with double space between paragraphs. Your paper should comment on the financial statements for your company as they relate to the information presented through week 5 material for our class, including the notes to the financial statements. ** Use headings in your paper such as Accounts Receivable and Inventory (topics from our textbook; other examples would be Balance Sheet and Income Statement).

Company is General Motors, and their SEC 10-K report is attached with all the information needed. 

Also attached is the key ideas needed to be incorporated 

Table of Contents
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549-1004 Form 10-K
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF
1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015 OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT
OF 1934
For the transition period from to
Commission file number 001-34960 GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter) STATE OF DELAWARE 27-0756180 (State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.) 300 Renaissance Center, Detroit, Michigan 48265-3000 (Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code) Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
(313) 556-5000
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each class Name of each exchange on which registered Common Stock
Warrants (expiring July 10, 2016)
Warrants (expiring July 10, 2019) New York Stock Exchange/Toronto Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange Securities registered pursuant to Section 12 (g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes No Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes No Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during
the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for
the past 90 days. Yes
No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its company Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to
be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the
registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes
No
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not
be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any
amendment to this Form 10-K.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition
of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer Non-accelerated filer Smaller reporting company Do not check if a smaller reporting company
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (assuming only for purposes of this computation that directors and
executive officers may be affiliates) was approximately $52.4 billion as of June 30, 2015.
As of January 27, 2016 the number of shares outstanding of common stock was 1,544,492,608 shares.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant's definitive Proxy Statement related to the Annual Stockholders Meeting to be filed subsequently are incorporated by reference into
Part III of this Form 10-K. INDEX
Page PART I
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 1B.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.
Item 7.
Item 7A.
Item 8. Business
Risk Factors
Unresolved Staff Comments
Properties
Legal Proceedings
Mine Safety Disclosures 1
12
18
18
18
18 PART II
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity
Securities
Selected Financial Data
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
Consolidated Income Statements
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Consolidated Statements of Equity
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1. Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies
Note 3. Marketable Securities
Note 4. GM Financial Receivables, net
Note 5. Inventories
Note 6. Equipment on Operating Leases, net
Note 7. Equity in Net Assets of Nonconsolidated Affiliates
Note 8. Property, net
Note 9. Goodwill and Intangible Assets, net
Note 10. Variable Interest Entities
Note 11. Accrued Liabilities and Other Liabilities
Note 12. Short-Term and Long-Term Debt
Note 13. Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits
Note 14. Derivative Financial Instruments
Note 15. Commitments and Contingencies
Note 16. Income Taxes
Note 17. Restructuring and Other Initiatives
Note 18. Interest Income and Other Non-Operating Income, net
Note 19. Stockholders’ Equity and Noncontrolling Interests
Note 20. Earnings Per Share 19
19
20
45
52
52
53
54
55
56
57
57
57
64
65
67
67
68
70
71
72
72
73
77
83
83
91
94
95
96
97 Note 21.
Note 22.
Note 23.
Note 24.
Note 25. Stock Incentive Plans
Supplementary Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)
Segment Reporting
Supplemental Information for the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Subsequent Events 98
100
101
103
104 Page Item 9.
Item 9A.
Item 9B. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
Controls and Procedures
Other Information
PART III 105
105
105 Item 10.
Item 11.
Item 12.
Item 13.
Item 14. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
Executive Compensation
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions and Director Independence
Principal Accountant Fees and Services
PART IV 106
106
106
106
106 Item 15.
Exhibits
Signatures 107
110 Table of Contents
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
PART I
Item 1. Business
General Motors Company (sometimes referred to as we, our, us, ourselves, the Company, General Motors, or GM) was
incorporated as a Delaware corporation in 2009. We design, build and sell cars, trucks, crossovers and automobile parts worldwide.
We also provide automotive financing services through General Motors Financial Company, Inc. (GM Financial).
Automotive
Our automotive operations meet the demands of our customers through our four automotive segments: GM North America
(GMNA), GM Europe (GME), GM International Operations (GMIO) and GM South America (GMSA).
GMNA primarily meets the demands of customers in North America with vehicles developed, manufactured and/or marketed
under the Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet and GMC brands. The demands of customers outside North America are primarily met with
vehicles developed, manufactured and/or marketed under the Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Opel and Vauxhall brands.
We also have equity ownership stakes directly or indirectly in entities through various regional subsidiaries, primarily in Asia.
These companies design, manufacture and market vehicles under the Baojun, Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, Jiefang and Wuling
brands.
In addition to the products we sell to our dealers for consumer retail sales, we also sell cars and trucks to fleet customers, including
daily rental car companies, commercial fleet customers, leasing companies and governments. We sell vehicles to fleet customers
directly or through our network of dealers. Our retail and fleet customers can obtain a wide range of aftersale vehicle services and
products through our dealer network, such as maintenance, light repairs, collision repairs, vehicle accessories and extended service
warranties.
Competitive Position
The global automotive industry is highly competitive. The principal factors that determine consumer vehicle preferences in the
markets in which we operate include overall vehicle design, price, quality, available options, safety, reliability, fuel economy and
functionality. Market leadership in individual countries in which we compete varies widely.
Vehicle Sales
We present both wholesale and retail vehicle sales data to assist in the analysis of our revenue and our market share. We do not
currently export vehicles to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Sudan or Syria. Accordingly these countries are excluded from industry sales
data in the tables below and corresponding calculations of our market share.
Wholesale Vehicle Sales
Wholesale vehicle sales data, which represents sales directly to dealers and others, is the measure that correlates to our revenue
from the sale of vehicles, which is the largest component of Automotive net sales and revenue. Wholesale vehicle sales exclude
vehicles produced by joint ventures. We estimate our global breakeven point, excluding joint ventures selling automobiles in China
(Automotive China JVs), to be approximately 4.5 million annual wholesale vehicle sales. In the year ended December 31, 2015,
48.3% of our wholesale vehicle sales volume was generated outside the U.S. The following table summarizes total wholesale
vehicle sales of new vehicles by automotive segment (vehicles in thousands):
Years ended December 31,
2015 2014 2013 GMNA 3,558 60.5% 3,320 55.0% 3,276 51.1% GME
GMIO
GMSA
Worldwide 1,127
588
603
5,876 19.2%
10.0%
10.3%
100.0% 1,172
655
886
6,033 19.4%
10.9%
14.7%
100.0% 1,163
921
1,053
6,413 18.1%
14.4%
16.4%
100.0% Retail Vehicle Sales
1 Table of Contents
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES Retail vehicle sales data, which represents sales to the end customers based upon the good faith estimates of management,
including fleets, does not correlate directly to the revenue we recognize during the period. However retail vehicle sales data is
indicative of the underlying demand for our vehicles. Market share information is based primarily on retail vehicle sales volume.
In countries where retail vehicle sales data is not readily available other data sources, such as wholesale or forecast volumes, are
used to estimate sales to the end customers.
Retail vehicle sales data includes all sales by joint ventures on a total vehicle basis, not based on the percentage of ownership
in the joint venture. Certain joint venture agreements in China allow for the contractual right to report vehicle sales of non-GM
trademarked vehicles by those joint ventures. Retail vehicle sales data includes vehicles sold through the dealer registration channel
(primarily in Europe). This sales channel consists primarily of dealer demonstrator, loaner and self-registered vehicles. These
vehicles are not eligible to be sold as new vehicles after being registered by dealers. Certain fleet sales that are accounted for as
operating leases are included in retail vehicle sales at the time of delivery to the daily rental car companies. The following table
summarizes total industry retail sales, or estimated sales where retail sales volume is not available, of new vehicles and our related
competitive position by geographic region (vehicles in thousands):
Years Ended December 31,
2015 2014
Market
Share Industry GM 2013
Market
Share Industry GM Market
Share Industry GM United States
Other
Total North America
Europe 17,852
3,666
21,518 3,082
530
3,612 17.3 % 16,859
14.5 % 3,345
16.8 % 20,204 2,935
478
3,413 17.4 % 15,894
14.3 % 3,196
16.9 % 19,090 2,786
448
3,234 17.5 %
14.0 %
16.9 % Germany
United Kingdom
Russia
Other
Total Europe 3,540
3,063
1,622
11,064
19,289 244
312
68
552
1,176 6.9 % 3,357
10.2 % 2,845
4.2 % 2,540
5.0 % 9,963
6.1 % 18,705 237
305
189
525
1,256 7.1 % 3,258
10.7 % 2,597
7.5 % 2,834
5.3 % 9,715
6.7 % 18,404 242
301
258
592
1,393 7.4 %
11.6 %
9.1 %
6.1 %
7.6 % China(a)
Other
Total Asia/Pacific, Middle East
and Africa
South America 25,054
18,943 3,730
795 14.9 % 24,035
4.2 % 19,137 3,540
838 14.7 % 22,202
4.4 % 19,035 3,160
890 14.2 %
4.7 % 43,997 4,525 10.3 % 43,172 4,378 10.1 % 41,237 4,050 9.8 % Brazil
Other
Total South America
Total Worldwide 2,568
1,613
4,181
88,985 388
257
645
9,958 15.1 % 3,498
15.9 % 1,817
15.4 % 5,315
11.2% 87,396 579
299
878
9,925 16.6 % 3,767
16.5 % 2,171
16.5 % 5,938
11.4% 84,669 650
387
1,037
9,714 17.3 %
17.8 %
17.5 %
11.5% United States
Cars
Trucks
Crossovers
Total U.S. 7,566
5,184
5,102
17,852 931
1,274
877
3,082 12.3 % 7,688
24.6 % 4,754
17.2 % 4,417
17.3 % 16,859 1,085
1,113
737
2,935 14.1 % 7,556
23.4 % 4,247
16.7 % 4,091
17.4 % 15,894 1,067
998
721
2,786 14.1 %
23.5 %
17.6 %
17.5 % 25,054 1,711
2,019
3,730 14.9 % 24,035 1,710
1,830
3,540 14.7 % 22,202 1,516
1,644
3,160 14.2 % North America Asia/Pacific, Middle East and
Africa China
SGMS
SGMW and FAW-GM
Total China 2 Table of Contents
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
__________
(a) Our China sales include the Automotive China JVs SAIC General Motors Sales Co., Ltd. (SGMS), SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile Co.,
Ltd. (SGMW) and FAW-GM Light Duty Commercial Vehicle Co., Ltd. (FAW-GM). End customer data is not readily available for the
industry; therefore, wholesale volumes were used for Industry, GM and Market Share. Our retail sales in China were 3,613; 3,435 and 3,082
in the years ended December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013. In the year ended December 31, 2015 we estimate we had the largest market share in North America and South America, the
number two market share in the Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa region, which included the largest market share in China,
and the number seven market share in Europe. In the year ended December 31, 2015 the Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa
region was our largest region by retail vehicle sales volume and represented 45.4% of our global retail vehicle sales.
Our retail vehicle sales volumes in the year ended December 31, 2015 grew at a slightly slower pace than the overall industry,
resulting in a 0.2 percentage point industry share decline. Our market share decreased due primarily to the change of our business
model in Russia, our vehicle price increases in Brazil and our planned reduction of fleet sales in the U.S., (refer to the "Overview"
section of Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (MD&A) for detail), partially
offset by our market share increase in China driven by strong performance of existing products and successful new launches
including new sport utility vehicles (SUVs), Cadillac vehicles and multipurpose vehicles. Our retail vehicle sales volumes in the
year ended December 31, 2014 grew at a slightly slower pace than the overall industry, resulting in a 0.1 percentage point industry
share decline. Our market share decreased due primarily to the withdrawal of the Chevrolet brand from Europe and economic
conditions and competitive environment in Brazil, partially offset by our market share increase in China driven by improved
performance of existing products and successful launches of new vehicles.
Fleet Sales and Deliveries
The sales and market share data provided previously includes both retail and fleet vehicle sales. Certain fleet transactions,
particularly daily rental, are generally less profitable than retail sales. A significant portion of the sales to daily rental car companies
are recorded as operating leases under U.S. GAAP with no recognition of revenue at the date of initial delivery due to guaranteed
repurchase obligations. The following table summarizes estimated fleet sales and those sales as a percentage of total retail vehicle
sales (vehicles in thousands):
Years Ended December 31,
2015 GMNA
GME
GMIO
GMSA
Total fleet sales 2014 795
544
345
121
1,805 Fleet sales as a percentage of total retail vehicle sales 18.1% 814
505
414
176
1,909
19.2% 2013 758
490
415
184
1,847
19.0% The following table summarizes U.S. fleet sales (vehicles in thousands):
Years Ended December 31,
2015 2014 2013 Daily rental sales
Other fleet sales
Total fleet sales
Fleet sales as a percentage of total U.S. retail vehicle sales 400
278
678 449
255
704 439
217
656 Cars
Trucks
Crossovers
Total vehicles 29.3%
19.7%
17.5%
22.0% 29.5%
21.8%
19.1%
24.0% 26.4%
24.2%
18.6%
23.6% Product Pricing
3 Table of Contents
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
Several methods are used to promote our products, including the use of dealer, retail and fleet incentives such as customer rebates
and finance rate support. The level of incentives is dependent in large part upon the level of competition in the markets in which
we operate and the level of demand for our products. In 2016 we plan to continue to price vehicles competitively, including offering
incentives as required. We believe this strategy, coupled with sound inventory management, will continue to strengthen the
reputation of our brands.
Cyclical Nature of Business
Retail sales are cyclical and production varies from month to month. Vehicle model changeovers occur throughout the year as
a result of new market entries. The market for vehicles depends on general economic conditions, credit availability and consumer
spending.
Relationship with Dealers
We market vehicles worldwide primarily through a network of independent authorized retail dealers. These outlets include
distributors, dealers and authorized sales, service and parts outlets.
The following table summarizes the number of authorized dealerships:
December 31, 2015 December 31, 2014 December 31, 2013 4,886
6,330
7,755
1,281
20,252 4,908
6,633
7,699
1,272
20,512 4,946
7,087
7,472
1,201
20,706 GMNA
GME
GMIO
GMSA
Total worldwide We and our joint ventures enter into a contract with each authorized dealer agreeing to sell to the dealer one or more specified
product lines at wholesale prices and granting the dealer the right to sell those vehicles to retail customers from an approved
location. Our dealers often offer more than one GM brand at a single dealership in a number of our markets in order to enhance
dealer profitability. Authorized dealers offer parts, accessories, service and repairs for GM vehicles in the product lines that they
sell using GM parts and accessories. Our dealers are authorized to service GM vehicles under our limited warranty program and
those repairs are to be made only with GM parts. Our dealers generally provide their customers access to credit or lease financing,
vehicle insurance and extended service contracts provided by GM Financial and other financial institutions.
The quality of GM dealerships and our relationship with our dealers and distributors are critical to our success as dealers maintain
the primary sales and service interface with the end consumer of our products. In addition to the terms of our contracts with our
dealers we are regulated by various country and state franchise laws that may supersede those contractual terms and impose specific
regulatory requirements and standards for initiating dealer network changes, pursuing terminations for cause and other contractual
matters.
Research, Product and Business Development and Intellectual Property
Costs for research, manufacturing engineering, product engineering and design and development activities relate primarily to
developing new products or services or improving existing products or services including activities related to vehicle emissions
control, improved fuel economy, the safety of drivers and passengers, urban mobility and autonomous vehicles. In the years ended
December 31, 2015, 2014 and 2013 research and development expenses were $7.5 billion, $7.4 billion and $7.2 billion.
Product Development
The Product Development organization is responsible for designing and integrating vehicle and powertrain components to
maximize part sharing across multiple vehicle segments. Global teams in Design, Program Management, Component & Subsystem
Engineering, Product Integrity, Powertrain and Purchasing & Supply Chain collaborate to meet customer requirements and
maximize global economies of scale.
Our global vehicle architecture development has been consolidated and headquartered at our Global Technical Center in Warren,
Michigan, to further the standardization of our overall vehicle development process. Cross-segment part sharing is an essential
4 Table of Contents
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
enabler to our Vehicle Set Strategy, designed to reduce our overall number of global vehicle architectures to four major vehicle
sets. As we implement the four vehicle sets, we will continue to leverage our current architecture portfolio to accommodate our
customers around the world while achieving our financial goals.
Hybrid, Plug-In, Extended Range and Battery Electric Vehicles
We are investing significantly in multiple technologies offering increasing levels of vehicle electrification including eAssist,
plug-in hybrid, full hybrid, extended range and battery electric vehicles. We currently offer five models in the U.S. featuring some
form of electrification and continue to develop plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) technology and extended range electric
vehicles such as the Chevrolet Volt and Cadillac ELR. In 2015 we introduced the second-generation Chevrolet Volt. We also
debuted the Chevrolet Bolt EV concept at the 2015 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan and the Cadillac
CT6 PHEV at the 2015 Shanghai Auto Show. The Bolt EV will be an all-electric vehicle when it goes into production at our Orion
Assembly plant in late 2016, providing more than 200 miles of range on a full charge.
OnStar, LLC
OnStar, LLC (OnStar) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of GM serving more than 6.6 million subscribers in the U.S., Canada,
Mexico, China (through a joint venture) and selected markets in Europe (launched in August 2015). OnStar is a provider of
connected safety, security and mobility solutions and advanced information technology and is available on the majority of our
2016 model year vehicles. OnStar's key services include automatic crash response, stolen vehicle assistance, remote door unlock,
turn-by-turn navigation, vehicle diagnostics, hands-free calling and 4G LTE wireless connectivity.
OnStar has developed a system based on the findings of a Center for Disease Control and Prevention expert panel which allows
OnStar advisors to alert first responders when a vehicle crash is likely to have caused serious injury to the occupants. OnStar also
offers a mobile application to provide subscribers with up-to-date vehicle information such as oil level, tire pressure and fuel level
as well as remote start, remote door lock and unlock and navigation services from a mobile phone.
Car- and Ride-Sharing
In January 2016 we announced the next step in our strategy to redefine personal mobility with a new car-sharing service called
Maven, which combines our multiple car-sharing programs under a single brand and will expand its offerings to multiple cities
and communities across the U.S. Maven gives customers access to highly personalized, on-demand mobility services. In January
2016 we purchased a 9% equity ownership interest in Lyft, Inc. (Lyft), a privately held company, for $0.5 billion, which we will
leverage to expand our ride-sharing offerings. We also plan to develop with Lyft an integrated network of on-demand autonomous
vehicles in the U.S.
Autonomous Technology
We see automation and autonomous technology leading to significant advances in convenience, mobility and safety, since more
than 90% of crashes are caused by driver error. We have millions of miles of real-world experience with embedded connectivity
through OnStar and advanced safety features that are the building blocks to more advanced automation features and eventually to
fully autonomous vehicles. An example of an advanced automation is Super Cruise, a hands-free driving customer convenience
feature that we expect to debut in 2017 on the Cadillac CT6 sedan. We are also working on autonomous systems and in 2016 plan
to demonstrate the capabilities of a fleet of Chevrolet Volts on our 20,000-employee Global Technical Center campus. These
vehicles will be ordered by a mobile phone application to go to the requested location and drive employees to their destination.
Alternative Fuel Vehicles
We believe alternative fuels offer significant potential to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector. By leveraging
experience and capability developed around these technologies in our global operations we continue to develop FlexFuel vehicles
that can run on gasoline-ethanol blend fuels as well as vehicles that run on compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum
gas (LPG).
We currently offer 12 FlexFuel vehicles in the U.S. for the 2016 model year to retail customers plus an additional seven models
to fleet and commercial customers capable of operating on gasoline, E85 ethanol or any combination of the two. We continue to
study the futu...

 


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