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(Solved) Course Name: Biology 2 Student: Dilara Sahin Course ID: SCIH026061 ID: H77648545 Submittal: 52 Progress Test 2 Although the progress test is similar


these are my test please make them as fast as you can. this is so important for me please make them vcorrectly and carefully. there are 100 multiple choice questions

Course Name: Biology 2
Student: Dilara Sahin Course ID: SCIH026061
ID: H77648545 Submittal: 52 Progress Test 2
Although the progress test is similar in style to the unit evaluations, the progress test is a closed-book, proctored test. It
is important that you do your own work. Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question
____ 1. In which group of arachnids are the pedipalps modified for reproduction?
a.
b.
c. male spiders
female spiders
scorpions ____ 2. Why did Pavlov's dog salivate at the sound of a bell?
a.
b.
c. In an example of operant conditioning, the dog was trained to get a food reward by pressing on a lever
to make a bell ring.
The dog had imprinted on the bell.
Classical conditioning was used to create an association in the dog's mind between food and the
sound of the bell. ____ 3. What is the name given to an organism with an endoskeleton and a backbone?
a.
b.
c. invertebrate
vertebrate
mammal ____ 4. When a spider hatches from its egg, it looks like a miniature version of an adult spider. After several
moltings, the spider finally reaches an adult size. What type of life cycle do spiders experience?
a.
b.
c. complete metamorphosis
incomplete metamorphosis
alternation of generations ____ 5. In which type of learned behavior does an animal learn to associate its response to a stimulus with a reward
or a punishment?
a.
b.
c. habituation
operant conditioning
classical conditioning ____ 6. What is the amnion in an egg?
a.
b.
c. a source of nutrition for the developing embryo
a fluid-filled membrane that surrounds an embryo during development
an embryo surrounded by its own watery environment ____ 7. Examine the mouth parts of the insect shown below. What type of foods is this insect's mouth adapted for
eating? a.
b.
c. flower nectar
plant materials
other organism's body fluids ____ 8. A student sees a picture of an arthropod with two body sections and six pairs of jointed appendages. Which
best describes the picture?
a.
b.
c. an arachnid only
a crustacean only
an arachnid or an insect ____ 9. How does B contrast between the salamander and the crocodile shown below? a.
b.
c. Because its legs are splayed to the side, the crocodile drags its body along when it moves.
The crocodile's legs raise its body up, holding it off the ground as it moves.
The salamander's legs are completely under its body. ____ 10. Which characteristic makes rotifers different from roundworms?
a.
b.
c. have bilateral symmetry
are pseudocoelomates
have rings of cilia at the anterior end ____ 11. Which of the following is a difference between the two organisms illustrated in the Figure below? a.
b.
c. Organism A undergoes metamorphosis.
Organism B has a vertebral column.
Organism A has respires. ____ 12. Which of the following structures is NOT used by any amphibian species to exchanges gas with the
environment?
a.
b.
c. cloaca
skin
lungs ____ 13. Which of the following adaptations do adult lancelets and tunicates share?
a.
b.
c. hermaphroditism to assist reproduction
gill slits used for filter feeding
a notochord to assist with locomotion ____ 14. Which phrase describes the mantle of mollusks?
a.
b.
c. A structure common to all mollusks that functions differently in different classes.
A structure common to only two of the mollusks classes.
A structure common to all mollusks with shells, but lacking in those without shells. ____ 15. What body plan innovation evolved after the point Y in the tree in the figure below to distinguish roundworms
and rotifers from earlier animals such as cnidarians and flatworms? a.
b.
c. pseudocoelom
bilateral symmetry
segmentation ____ 16. What kind of learning can occur only during a certain window of opportunity in an animal's life, and affects
the animal's behavior permanently?
a.
b.
c. aversive learning
imprinting
habituation ____ 17. What is a special characteristic that ruminant herbivores have that other mammals do not share?
a.
b.
c.
d. a high metabolic rate relative to their body mass
large, four-chambered stomachs
long, sharp canine teeth
special scent glands to mark territories ____ 18. According to fossil evidence, the first placental mammals were probably most similar to which of these?
a.
b.
c. frog
horse
mouse ____ 19. The blowhole on top of a whale has a function that is most similar to which structure in the human?
a.
b.
c. ear
mouth
nose ____ 20. Which behavior is directly related to reproductive success within a species?
a.
b.
c. courting
altruism
migration ____ 21. The notochord of the invertebrate chordate is a flexible rod running the length of the body. It gives the
muscles something to attach to, and its flexibility made possible which new body motion?
a.
b.
c. an up-and-down undulating motion
side-to-side movements of the body and tail
a curving snakelike motion ____ 22. There is a landlocked salt lake in the Pacific Republic of Palau. This lake is called Jellyfish Lake
because it is filled with jellyfish. These jellyfish are similar in many respects to their marine
ancestors in that they are able to sense light, and move and adjust their depth in the water through
muscular contractions. Long ago, this lake was cut off from the ocean, and these jellyfish have
evolved a symbiotic relationship with algae. Algae living within the jellyfish provide food for them
through photosynthesis. The jellyfish provide a home for the algae. People can freely swim with
these particular jellyfish without getting stung. Thousands of visitors each year come to swim with
these amazing jellyfish. The jellyfish in the above passage evolved to use a new food source. What
structure is probably more developed in these jellyfish?
a.
b.
c. nematocyst
tentacles
light-sensing cells ____ 23. Based on data from the Passage "In an experiment, female Mediterranean tarantulas (Lycosa
tarantula) were placed in artificial burrows within areas already occupied by other females. The
intruders vanished at seven times the rate of spiders in the control areas. The intruders were often
cannibalized by the residents, even if the resident spider was smaller", what conclusion can you draw
about the territorial behavior in tarantulas?
a.
b.
c. Territoriality must be declining since it results in conflict and death for reproductive females.
Since the responses of female tarantulas to males was omitted from the study no conclusions
regarding evolution can be drawn.
Territory owners have an advantage in conflicts with other spiders that can overcome an advantage
due to size that a challenger might have. ____ 24. Which of the following structures is essential to earthworm locomotion?
a.
b.
c. setae
clitellum
crop ____ 25. How are the bones of birds adapted to give them the ability to fly?
a.
b.
c. They are solid and strong.
They are strong and have cavities filled with air.
They are strong and have cavities filled with liquid. ____ 26. If you are asked to lay an organism on its dorsal side, what kind of symmetry does the organism have?
a.
b.
c. no symmetry
bilateral symmetry
radial symmetry ____ 27. Which is true of both flatworms and roundworms?
a.
b.
c. They are both acoelomates.
They both have bilateral symmetry.
They both have radial symmetry. ____ 28. What is the major difference between a hagfish and most other fishes?
a.
b.
c. Hagfishes have gills. Hagfishes are parasites.
Hagfishes are jawless. ____ 29. In which group of mammals are the young born live and then they immediately move to the mother's pouch
to continue development?
a.
b.
c. marsupial
monotreme
primate ____ 30. How can a crustacean by differentiated from an arachnid?
a.
b.
c. All crustaceans have two pair of antennae, while arachnids have chelicerae.
All crustaceans have two body areas, while arachnids have three.
All crustaceans have five pairs of legs, while arachnids have four pairs. ____ 31. Which structure pictured here is analogous to your lungs? a.
b.
c.
d.
e. A - lateral line system
B - swim bladder
C - scales
D - gill filaments
E - fins ____ 32. Which character is unique to polychaete annelids like bristleworms and fan worms?
a.
b.
c. clitellum
cilia
parapodia ____ 33. Which order of reptiles has a structure that delivers oxygen to the body more efficiently than structures in
the other orders? What is the structure?
a.
b.
c. Order Crocodilia; amniotic vein
Order Sphenodonta; tympanic membrane
Order Crocodilia; four-chambered heart ____ 34. Which of the following structures allows winged insects to analyze a fast-changing landscape during flight?
a.
b.
c. compound eye
simple eye
tympanum ____ 35. Why is the Devonian period known as the Age of Fishes?
a.
b.
c. Fish first appeared in the fossil record during this period.
A wide variety of fish species evolved during this period.
Fish moved from salt water to fresh water during this period. ____ 36. Which of the following features evolved first in fish?
a.
b.
c. bones
jaws
scales ____ 37. Echinoderms use their tube feet to creep, burrow, grasp, pull and
a.
b.
c. digest.
fight.
exchange gases. ____ 38. The tentacles of a cephalopod are part of which structure?
a.
b.
c. mantle
shell
foot ____ 39. A scientist finds an amphibian larva that is starting to grow leg buds. The larva is carnivorous. What type of
larva did the scientist most likely find?
a.
b.
c. caecilian
frog
salamander ____ 40. A group of diving students was learning about coral. The instructor was explaining why it is important not to
touch the coral. The reason the instructor gave was most likely because live coral _________.
a.
b.
c. are filter feeders
are thin and fragile
contain calcium carbonate ____ 41. Squids move oxygen and nutrients through a closed circulatory system.
a.
b. True
False ____ 42. Extinction of a sponge species would likely result in the disappearance of which ecological function in the
area where the sponges lived?
a.
b.
c. parasitism
predation
habitat ____ 43. Which of these provides the best example of mammalian hair that is used for defense?
a.
b.
c. whiskers on a seal's face
white color of an Arctic hare's fur
quills on a porcupine's tail ____ 44. Herons and blue jays utilize __________ food sources.
a.
b.
c. the same
similar
different ____ 45. Which of the following structures is found in aquatic arthropods but not in terrestrial arthropods?
a.
b.
c. gills
pedipalps
chelicerae ____ 46. Schistosomiasis is a disease that humans can contract from exposure to which class of flatworm?
a.
b.
c. Cestoda
Turbellaria
Trematoda ____ 47. What is the new characteristic that evolved at the point in the tree indicated by A in the figure belowthat
distinguishes echinoderms from arthropods and mollusks? a.
b.
c. coelom
deuterostome development
dorsal nerve cord ____ 48. By which mechanism is trichinosis transmitted?
a.
b.
c. eating meat infected with Trichinella larvae
swimming in contaminated water
receiving a mosquito bite ____ 49. What is the stage of embryo development where the cells continue to divide, forming a fluid-filled ball of
cells?
a.
b.
c. 2-cell stage
blastula
zygote ____ 50. How have the body structure of sea lilies and feather stars adapted to a sessile lifestyle?
a.
b.
c. They wait until small fish swim by, then grab them with their tube feet.
Their arms and tube feet stretch out to catch floating organic material.
They have modified arms making them look more like plants. Carefully review your answers on this progress test and make any corrections you feel are necessary. When
you are satisfied that you have answered the questions to the best of your ability, transfer your answers to the
online test submission page in the presence of your proctor. The University of Nebraska is an equal opportunity educator and employer. ©2016, The Board of Regents of the
University of Nebraska. All rights reserved.

 


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