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(Solved) Question 1 (1 point) 1 The ______ has a functional grouping of machines; and the ____ has a sequential layout. Question 1 options: 1) Process Layout;...


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Question 1 (1 point)
1 The ______ has a functional grouping of machines; and the ____ has a sequential layout.
Question 1 options:
1) Process Layout; Product
Layout 2) Product Layout; Process
Layout Save Question 2 (1 point)
2 This layout is arranged around the product, termed mass production and mainly assembly.
Question 2 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 3 (1 point)
3 If low cost is a main competitive priority and volume is increasing, what would be the best
choice?
Question 3 options:
1) Process
Layout 2) Product
Layout Save Question 4 (1 point)
4 This process choice requires employees to have higher skill levels and be cross-trained.
Question 4 options:
1)
2)
Save Process
layout
Product
layout Question 5 (1 point)
5 This layout may be best if a company wants to position themselves so that they have the
greatest ability to change capacity.
Question 5 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Question 6 (1 point)
6 This process choice allows for high customization and high product variety.
Question 6 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 7 (1 point)
7 This process choice is highly automated and requires a large investment in capital and
equipment.
Question 7 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 8 (1 point)
8 This process choice is usually characterized as having high amounts of work-in-process
inventory.
Question 8 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 9 (1 point)
9 This process is usually characterized as having high levels of finished goods inventory.
Question 9 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 10 (1 point)
10 This process choice is best if your companies can be characterized as having very stable
demand.
Question 10 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Question 11 (1 point)
11 If your competitive priority was to have a higher throughput rate, which layout would be
best?
Question 11 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 12 (1 point)
12 The goal for the ____ is to equalize workloads; the _______ is to minimize material handling
costs.
Question 12 options:
1) Process layout; Product
Layout 2) Product layout; Process
Layout Save Question 13 (1 point)
13 This layout has high utilization of resource, high efficiency, and consistent quality.
Question 13 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 14 (1 point)
14 With this layout choice it is absolutely vital that maintenance be efficient and performed
regularly.
Question 14 options:
1) Process
layout 2) Product
layout Save Question 15 (1 point)
15 This strategy is most representative of the push system.
Question 15 options:
1) Make-tostock 2) Assemble-toorder 3) Make-toorder 4) Mass
customization Question 16 (1 point)
16 This strategy uses the benefits of both the push and pull systems.
Question 16 options: 1) Make-tostock 2) Assemble-toorder 3) Make-toorder 4) Mass
production Save Question 17 (1 point)
17 The strategy most representative of the "product focus" strategy is ____ and the "process
focus" is ____.
Question 17 options:
1) Make-to-stock; Make-toorder 2) Assemble-to-order; Maketo-order 3) Make-to-order; Make-toStock 4) Make-to-stock; mass
customization Save Question 18 (1 point)
18 Most companies use what type of flow strategy or layout?
Question 18 options:
1) Batch
Process 2) Line
Process 3) Continuous
Process 4) Project
Process Save Question 19 (1 point)
19 A batch system is a ____ strategy.
Question 19 options: 1) make-tostock 2) mass
production 3) make-toorder 4) make-toforecast Save Question 20 (1 point)
20 This type of batch is defined as the number of units that flow from one machine to the next
machine.
Question 20 options:
1) Production
Batch 2) Batch
Process 3) Transfer
Batch 4) Batch
System Save Question 21 (1 point)
21 This refers to the number of products included in a customer order.
Question 21 options:
1) Production
Batch 2) Batch
Process 3) Transfer
Batch 4) Batch
System Save Question 22 (1 point)
22 Which of the following would occur when the "transfer batch" size is reduced? Question 22 options:
1) the material handling
increases 2) The work-in-process
increases. 3) The lead time
increases. 4) Information about the quality of a product
decreases. Save Question 23 (1 point)
23 The ideal transfer lot size, or ideal flow between working areas is called:
Question 23 options:
1) one-piece
flow 2) lot
size 3) lead
time 4) process
flow Save Information
For questions a-f, determine if the pressure is for low inventories or high inventories. Question 24 (0.125 points)
24 a. Setups are long and costly
Question 24 options:
low
hig
h Question 25 (0.125 points)
25 b. Transportation costs are high
Question 25 options:
low hig
h
Save Question 26 (0.125 points)
26 c. Storage & handling costs are high
Question 26 options:
low
hig
h
Save Question 27 (0.125 points)
27 d. Speedy delivery & on-time delivery
Question 27 options:
low
hig
h
Save Question 28 (0.125 points)
28 e. High ordering costs
Question 28 options:
low
hig
h
Save Question 29 (0.125 points)
29 f. Insurance and taxes are excessive
Question 29 options:
low
hig
h Question 30 (0.125 points) 30 g. Products become obsolete quickly
Question 30 options:
low
hig
h
Save Question 31 (0.16 points)
31 h. Meeting customer’s needs
Question 31 options:
low
hig
h
Save Question 32 (1 point)
32 The organization of materials management department in a supply chain is
Question 32 options:
1) a structure where purchasing, production, and distribution have independent
control of their functions. 2) a structure in which the functions of purchasing, production, and
distribution are integrated. 3) a structure where purchasing, production, and distribution can be done
by any department. 4) a structure in which purchasing, production, and distribution are
isolated departments. Save Question 33 (1 point)
33 The organizational development of a supply chain consists of:
Question 33 options:
1) building an internal supply chain and connecting it only
to customers. 2) building an internal supply chain and connecting it only to
external suppliers. 3) building an external supply chain and connecting it
only to customers. 4) building an internal supply chain and connecting it to
suppliers and customers. Save Question 34 (1 point)
34 The supply chain that is designed to act quickly in an unpredictable demand, with high
forecast errors.
Question 34 options:
1) efficient supply
chain 2) responsive supply
chain Question 35 (1 point)
35 The supply chain that is designed for low cost, consistent quality and on-time delivery.
Question 35 options:
1) efficient supply
chain 2) responsive supply
chain Save Question 36 (1 point)
36 An efficient supply chain has ____ product variety while a responsive supply chain has ___
product variety.
Question 36 options:
1) high;
low 2) low;
high 3) variable;
low 4) variable;
high Save Question 37 (1 point)
37 Efficient supply chains use what type of strategy?
Question 37 options: 1) Make-tostock 2) Assemble to
order 3) Make-toorder 4) Make-to-order, assemble
to order Save Question 38 (1 point)
38 Responsive supply chains use what type of strategy?
Question 38 options:
1) Make-to-stock or standardized
products 2) Assemble to order; maketo-stock 3) Make-to-order or maketo-stock 4) Make-to-order; assemble
to order Save Question 39 (1 point)
39 Management has decided to switch from a push system to a pull system. They are a large
repetitive manufacturer of bicycles. Which one of the following is most likely to occur?
Question 39 options:
1) The cycle time will increase, resulting in higher
inventory levels. 2) The space required will increase due to the increase in the number of units
that require rework. 3) The decrease in WIP inventory levels will reduce the space
requirements. 4) The workers at any given process will produce units before they are needed
by the next process. Question 40 (1 point)
40 Which of the following does NOT reduce or eliminate the frequency of setups? Question 40 options:
1) a process
layout 2) a group technology
layout 3) a product
layout 4) a one worker, multiple machine layout
(flexible cell) Save Question 41 (1 point)
41 In JIT systems, if a defective product is found, which of the following is generally NOT done?
Question 41 options:
1) The production line is
stopped. 2) The defective unit is passed on to the next
workstation. 3) The defective unit is returned to the worker responsible for
creating the defect. 4) The production line is made aware of the problem and workers try
to fix the problem. Save Question 42 (1 point)
42 The type of inventory that is used to absorb uneven rates of demand or supply.
Question 42 options:
1) Cycle
Inventory 2) Safety Stock
Inventory 3) Anticipation
Inventory 4) Pipeline
Inventory Save Question 43 (1 point)
43 Inventory moving from point to point in the materials flow system is called what?
Question 43 options:
1) Cycle
Inventory 2) Safety Stock
Inventory 3) Anticipation
Inventory 4) Pipeline
Inventory Save Question 44 (1 point)
44 The proportion of total inventory that varies directly with lot size.
Question 44 options:
1) Cycle
Inventory 2) Safety Stock
Inventory 3) Anticipation
Inventory 4) Pipeline
Inventory Question 45 (1 point)
45 Surplus inventory that protects against uncertainties in demand, lead time and supply
changes.
Question 45 options:
1) Cycle
Inventory 2) Safety Stock
Inventory 3) Anticipation
Inventory 4) Pipeline
Inventory Save Question 46 (1 point)
46 Which of the following is the primary lever to reduce cycle inventory? Question 46 options:
1) reduce the lot
size. 2) cut the lead
times. 3) reduce supply
uncertainties 4) improve demand
forecasts Save Question 47 (1 point)
47 Which of the following is the secondary lever to reduce cycle inventory?
Question 47 options:
1) Add new products with different
demand cycles. 2) Find more responsive
suppliers. 3) Reduce changeovers (or setup) and streamline methods
for placing orders. 4) Rely more on equipment and
labor buffers. Save Question 48 (1 point)
48 Which of the following are primary levers to reduce safety stock inventory?
Question 48 options:
1) reduce the lot
size 2) place orders
sooner 3) reduce supply
uncertainties 4) improve demand
forecasts Save Question 49 (1 point)
49 The following are secondary levers for reducing safety stock inventory is to:
Question 49 options: 1) reduce supply uncertainties, eliminate or reduce
changeovers. 2) reduce capacity cushions and reduce
delivery size. 3) reduce supply uncertainties and cut the
lead times. 4) Provide off-season promotional products and
campaigns. Question 50 (1 point)
50 Which of the following is the primary lever to reduce anticipation inventory?
Question 50 options:
1) Reduce the lot
size. 2) Match the demand with the
production rate. 3) Reduce changeovers (or setup) and streamline methods
for placing orders. 4) Rely more on equipment and
labor buffers. Save Question 51 (1 point)
51 The secondary levers for reducing anticipation inventory is to:
Question 51 options:
1) Reduce supply chain uncertainties and only
accept large orders. 2) Add products with alternating demand cycles and
seasonal pricing plans. 3) Reduce holding costs and cut
lead times. 4) Rely more on equipment and
labor buffers. Save Question 52 (1 point)
52 Which of the following is the primary lever to reduce pipeline inventory?
Question 52 options:
1) Reduce the lot size.
2) Reduce orders and
setups. 3) Reduce or eliminate the need for
changeovers. 4) Reduce the lead
time. Save Question 53 (1 point)
53 The secondary levers for reducing pipeline inventory is to:
Question 53 options:
1) offer seasonal pricing
plans. 2) accept only large
orders. 3) increase capacity
cushions. 4) select more responsive
suppliers. Save Question 54 (1 point)
54 What are the advantages of small lot sizes?
Question 54 options:
1) increase in scrap
rates 2) increase in work-in-process
inventory 3) increased
throughput 4) longer lead
times Question 55 (1 point)
55 Planned lead time for purchased items is:
Question 55 options:
1) order processing
time 2) time difference between placing an order and receiving
from the supplier. 3) time between receiving an order and setting up the
production run. 4) setup time + processing time +
waiting time. Save Question 56 (1 point)
56 When would the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) NOT be used:
Question 56 options:
1) when orders are maketo stock. 2) when carrying costs and setup/order costs
are known. 3) when orders are relatively stable for
the company. 4) when it is a make-to-order and the order size is
constrained. * Save Question 57 (1 point)
57 The Economic Order Quantity (EOQ), lot size (Q), minimizes what two (2) costs?
Question 57 options:
1) holding and
ordering 2) processing and
setup 3) value added and nonvalue added 4) maintenance and
quality Save Question 58 (1 point)
58 Which Ordering system is preferred for production?
Question 58 options:
1) EO
Q 2) MO
Q 3) PO
Q 4) PD
Q Save Question 59 (1 point)
59 The system in which an item's inventory position is reviewed periodically than continuously?
Question 59 options:
1) Periodic Review
System 2) Continuous Review
System 3) Perpetual Review
System 4) Reorder Point
System Save Question 60 (1 point)
60 This is the most integrated information system and includes data storage and support
processes.
Question 60 options:
1) ER
P 2) MR
P 3) TR
P 4) WR
P Save Question 61 (1 point)
61 Which of the following is not a common ERP system?
Question 61 options: 1) Jidoka Management System
(JMS) 2) Material Requirements Planning
(MRP) 3) Drum-Buffer-Rope
(DBR) 4) Lean Systems (Just-inTime/JIT) Save Question 62 (1 point)
62 Which of the following statements about MRP is TRUE?
Question 62 options:
1) MRP may generate a planned order release that exceeds current
production capacity. 2) MRP is best when the item's demand depends only on
customer demand. 3) MRP estimates the total number of raw materials to be
purchased from suppliers. 4) MRP is best for independent
demand items. Save Question 63 (1 point)
63 Which of the following is an example of a dependent demand item?
Question 63 options:
1) Setu
p 2) Hard
Variety 3) Bill Of
Materials 4) Value Added
Activities Save Question 64 (1 point)
64 What is the name given to the system that gives suppliers' the role of buyer, salesperson,
and sometimes the materials planner?
Question 64 options: 1) MRP
system 2) JIT II
system 3) EOQ
system 4) ERP
system Question 65 (1 point)
65 This inventory management technique that releases material when needed, at the
bottleneck, to meet the rate of production.
Question 65 options:
1) MR
P 2) JIT
3) ER
P 4) Drum-bufferrope Save Question 66 (1 point)
66 This type of production system has the greatest opportunity for robotics (flexible
manufacturing systems)?
Question 66 options:
1) proje
ct 2) Lin
e 3) Job
Shop 4) Continuo
us Save Question 67 (1 point)
67 The term given to describe an oscillation in very large swings as each organization in the
supply chain seeks to manage inventories.
Question 67 options:
1) cracking the
whip 2) bullwhip
effect 3) independent
demand 4) doing the
polka Save Question 68 (1 point)
68 Matching
Question 68 options:
4 A method in which production of the item begins in
advance of customer needs. 3 A method in which customer demand activates
production of the service or item. 2 The belief that waste can be eliminated by cutting
unnecessary capacity or inventory and removing nonvalue-added activities in operations. 11 The goal of having setup time of less than 10 minutes. 7 Mistake-proofing methods aimed at designing fail-safe
systems that minimize human error. 10 A planning and control system that regulates the flow of
work-in-process materials at the bottleneck in a
productive system. 9 A qualitative lean tool for eliminating waste that
involves a current state drawing, a future state drawing
and an implementation plan. 6 An ordering system that can be used to determine
setup times for different lot sizes. 1 A methodology of workplace practices that is conducive
to visual controls and lean production. 8 A type of assembly that produces a mix of models in
smaller lots. 1. Five S (5Ss)
2. Lean/Just-In-Time
(JIT) Philosophy 3. Pull
4. Push
5. Six Sigma
6. Economic Order
Quantity (EOQ) 7. Poka-yoke
8. Mixed-Model
Assembly 9. Value Stream
Mapping 1
Drum-Buffer-Rope
0.
Single Minute
1
Exchange Die
1.
(SMED)
1 Cycle Time/Takt
2. Time

 


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