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(Solved) Existentialism, as Sartre defines it, is the view that (human) essence precedes (human) existence. False 2. In Sartre's view, to be free is not to...


Okay.. this will be my second attempt to get help on this topic..


I was wondering if someone could check my homework questions before I submit it a second time. I have already listed my answers and would like to get a second opinion, as these are not all the correctly chosen answers... These are 53 questions mostly True or False, and some multiple choice. Questions on Satre, Dogen, Descartes, Watt's, Existentialism, Zen View... etc.. Thank you!

1. Existentialism, as Sartre defines it, is the view that (human) essence precedes (human) existence.
False 2. In Sartre's view, to be free is not to be anything unfree.
True 3. Essentialism is the view that the human essence could not exist without human beings.
True
4. For Sartre, we can be free only within a concrete situation which offers a plurality of possible actions
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22. for us to choose from
False
The present is "absurd," for Sartre, because there are no past events which could explain it.
True
Descartes believes that it is impossible to doubt the existence of anything whatsoever.
False
Idealism holds that everything depends upon the mind for its existence and could not exist
independently of the mind.
True
In applying the method of systematic doubt, Descartes seeks a body of truths that cannot even be
imagined to be false.
True
In applying the method of systematic doubt, Descartes seeks a body of truths that cannot even be
imagined to be false.
F
For Berkeley, anything that exists can (at least in principle) be perceived.
T
For Sartre, the for-itself is what it is.
F
For Sartre, a course of action appears to be objectively right or valuable because we have chosen it
T
Sartre believes in an objective and eternally existing human nature.
F
For Sartre, human beings create their own values.
T
The possibilities for action among which human choices are made are, for Sartre, valuable only after a
choice among them has been made.
T
In Sartre's view, human beings may discover objectively valid values and must, then, strive to realize
them.
T
Intentionality is the object-directedness of consciousness.
T
For Sartre, non-positional consciousness is consciousness of the foreground object that receives our
primary attention.
T
The psychic, for Sartre, is the "inside" of consciousness (that is, consciousness as it experiences itself
from within).
T
For Sartre, consciousness is always identical with itself.
F
For Sartre, what is common to human beings and accounts for our being human is the human
condition, not the human essence.
F
According to Hui-neng''s poem, there is no condition for enlightenment and there is nothing to be done
to attain enlightenment. T 23. In Hui-neng''s poem, "There never was a Bodhi Tree" implies that we are originally enlightened.
T 24. According to Seng-T'san's poem, "Verses on Faith Mind," the Great Way is easy if you pick and
choose. F 25. Which of the following would Dogen NOT accept?
A. Time is indistinguishable from being.
B. The moment of our death can have its being only in the moments of our life.
C. All possible moments of time are present.
D. The goal of Buddhist practice is to assume that eternal that timeless vantage point from which the
successive moments of our experience can be viewed.
I selected B 26. Dogen believes that ...
A. life does not become death and death does not become life.
B. life does not penetrate death and death does not penetrate life.
C. life becomes death and death becomes life.
D. life is not followed by death and death is not followed by life.
I selected C 27. Hui-Neng's response to Shen-Hsiu's "dust-wiping" is that ...
A.
B.
C.
D. the "dust" diminishes one's original enlightenment.
B. the "mirror" continues to reflect even if covered with dust.
original enlightenment can be attained in no other way.
"dust-wiping" prevents the realization of enlightenment.
I selected A 28. According to Dogen ...
A.
B.
C.
D. there is no potentiality.
the potentiality of a thing is completely exhausted in its being what it is.
a thing always possesses a reserve of unactualized potentiality.
there is, in an ultimate sense, no actuality.
I selected B 29. For Dogen ...
A.
B.
C.
D. to study the self is to become increasingly aware of the self
This is a trick question. Dogen denies the very possibility of studying the self.
to study the self is to create the self.
to study the self is to forget the self.
I selected A 30. Dogen believes that ..
A.
B.
C.
D. the things of the world are in motion, but the mind itself is at rest.
the perspective taking the things of the world as the unmoving framework and the perspective
taking the mind as the unmoving framework are both equally valid
the "permanence" of the self is relative to a given framework and is not absolute.
the things of the world are at rest, but the mind is in motion.
I selected C 31. Which of the following would Dogen NOT accept?
A.
B.
C.
D. it is delusion when one advances toward the myriad things.
it is enlightenment when the myriad things advance toward oneself.
it is delusion when the myriad things advance toward oneself.
This is a trick question. In fact, given his monism, Dogen would not speak of the "myriad things" at
all.
I selected A 32. For Dogen ...
A.
B.
C.
D. practice is a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for the realization of enlightenment.
the realization of enlightenment occurs with or without practice.
the realization of enlightenment is identical with practice.
the realization of enlightenment is attained by gradually removing the impurities which cloud the
mind. I selected D
33. Koans are used as a meditative focus in Rinzai Zen training.
T 34. For Dogen, being and time are entirely different.
T 35. For Dogen, the secret of Zen is to do one thing at a time.
T 36. In the Zen view, it is possible to loose original enlightenment.
T 37. For Zen, there is no independently existing past or present, but only the future.
T 38. Dogen believes that we should "multi-task" even when we are meditating so that we can accomplish
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47. more at any given time.
T
According to the Zen tradition''s own account of its history, Bodhidharma was the first Indian monk to
bring Zen to China.
F
In the gradualist approach to awakening, enlightenment is achieved spontaneously, in a moment of
realization, and cannot be prepared for by any means or method -- including meditation.
T
Zen understands itself as involving the direct transmission of enlightenment, mind-to-mind, without the
intermediary of words and concepts.
T
A practice that is unique to Soto Zen is "silent illumination."
T
A koan is a little English pastry that you eat with tea.
F
A koan is the answer to a profound philosophical question.
T
Determinism is the view that whatever happens is brought about by a cause.
T
Soft determinism is the view that acts of free will are contra-causally free.
T
The notion of freedom assumed by indeterminism is that of "freedom from constraint."
T 48. What, according to Socrates, is wisdom (sophia)?
the knowledge that one is not wise. 49. The theories of interactionism and epiphenomenalism agree in maintaining that ...
A.
B.
C.
D. there is no causal interaction between mind and body.
the series of mental events and the series of bodily events are perfectly "synchronized."
bodily events cause mental events.
everything whatsoever has both a mental and a physical aspect.
I selected C 50. According to Watts, "making" is putting separate parts together and "growing" is what happens when
things divide themselves from within outward.
T
51. As Watts explains, at the root of Buddhism is the realization of the total elusiveness of the world.
T
52. Samadhi, as Watts explains, is a state in which the mind is not divided against itself.
T
53. Watts tells us that Awakening is to know what reality is not – not to know what it is.
T

 


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